3 edition of The sorghum midge found in the catalog.
The sorghum midge
B. R. Wiseman
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, [Southern Region] in [New Orleans, La.]
Written in English
|Statement||[by B. R. Wiseman, W. W. McMillian, and N. W. Widstrom]|
|Series||ARS-S ; 139, ARS-S -- 139.|
|Contributions||McMillian, W. W., Widstrom, N. W., United States. Agricultural Research Service. Southern Region.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||8 p. ;|
sorghum midge causes heavy damage, but little external evidence shows until harvest. Be aware of the various insect pests associated with grain sorghum. Efficient management of insects on grain sorghum requires some knowl edge of unfavorablethe biology and seasonal abun dance of the insects. You can get higher yields and save money by. Midge flies are only mm long and the easiest way to ‘get your eye in’ is to look at the top half of mid flowering panicles and look for movement of the small red flies against a still sorghum panicle looking from side on and slightly above side on one section of the sorghum panicle at a time.
As nouns the difference between sorghum and cane is that sorghum is a cereal, (taxlink) or (taxlink), the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed while cane is (uncountable) the slender, flexible main stem of a plant such as bamboo, including many species in the grass family gramineae. As a verb cane is to strike or beat with a cane or similar implement. Red Sorghum: A Novel of China [Mo Yan, Howard Goldblatt] on laikipiatourism.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The acclaimed novel of love and resistance during late s China by Mo Yan, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature Spanning three generationsCited by: 4.
grain sorghum on the recommended dates, some insect problems can be reduced or avoided. Infestations of the sorghum midge, corn earworm, fall armyworm and sorghum webworm will cause more damage to late-planted sorghum. Fortunately, there are many insecticides that will control economically damaging populations of sorghum insect pests. age from sorghum midge and worm pests. May planted sorghum will receive adequate rainfall in the spring for vegetative growth and will bloom during July when rainfall amounts are lower, thus reducing occurrence of head diseases. Later planting results in lower yields and higher moisture grain at harvest. Grain sorghum can.
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Contarinia sorghicola, the sorghum midge, is a species of gall midge in the family Cecidomyiidae. References Further reading. Gagné, Raymond J.; Jaschhof, Mathias (). A Catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the World, Fourth Edition (PDF).
Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture. Class: Insecta. The sorghum midge book 08, · name "sorghum midge" for this insect. The Yearbook of the Department of Agriculture for (12) mentions the sorghum midge by that name as having "destroyed the seed of sweet sorghum in the Gulf States." This note also adds, "It has been reared from sorghum seed from North Carolina to central Texas and north to northern laikipiatourism.com by: Sorghum midge definition is - a minute gall midge (Contarinia sorghicola) whose larvae develop in the seed heads of sorghum, broomcorn, and wild grasses.
The sorghum midge, Contarinia sorghicola (Coquillett), is an important pest of many sorghum species, including grain sorghum, Sorghum bicolor L. Both grain sorghum and johnsongrass, S. halepense (L.) Pers., are its primary host plants. This insect occurs globally and has a wide distribution in the United States from Virginia to Texas.
Madhusudhana, in Breeding Sorghum for Diverse End Uses, Midge. Sorghum midge Stenodiplosis sorghicola (Coquillett) is one of the most damaging pests of grain sorghum worldwide (Harris, ), mainly in Asia, Australia, Africa, the Americas, and Mediterranean laikipiatourism.com female midge lays its eggs into spikelets at anthesis, and the hatched larvae feed on the developing seed.
Oct 22, · Describes the characteristics of the sorghum midge, the damage it causes to crops of the southern United States, and methods of control.
Skip to main content | Skip to content navigation. Menu The sorghum midge: with suggestions for control., book, ; Washington laikipiatourism.com: E. Walter. Midge found in spider webs is a sign that they are active. Female midge are visible in and around flowering heads. Midge adults only live for one day and most egg lays occur in the morning.
Changes in weather can bring midge into fields (from Johnson grass or early sorghum crops) at any time of day. Grain sorghum acreage expanded in most of the traditional grain sorghum producing counties in Phillips, Lee, Crittenden, Mississippi and St.
Francis counties saw their grain sorghum acreage increase between 72 and percent as compared to the season. The mentioned counties are also the largest producing ones, with Phillips ranking.
In Australia, the main focus is on developing tolerant cultivars to sorghum midge and drought. In the United States, sorghum is grown in 14 states. arid nations that is suitable for a huge range of uses, from human food, to biofuels. Split into two main sections, the book initially reviews the genetic suitability of sorghum for breeding.
(sorghum midge, corn earworms, fall armyworms, sorghum webworms, stink bugs, false chinch bugs) (Teetes and Pendelton, ; Buntin, ). General guidelines for the control of disease and insect pests are the selection of resistant hybrids, planting.
Sorghum is a hyponym of millet. As nouns the difference between sorghum and millet is that sorghum is a cereal, (taxlink) or (taxlink), the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed while millet is any of a group of various types of grass or its grains used as food or millet can be (historical) a semi-autonomous confessional community under the ottoman empire, especially a non.
Abundance of sorghum midge adults must be assessed. To do so, fields should be inspected at midmorning when the temperature reaches approximately 28 C, when sorghum midge adults are most abundant on flowering sorghum panicles.
Because adult sorghum midge live less than one day, a new brood is present each day. A midge is a small laikipiatourism.com is also a bald headed prick from Gelli.
It is not any particular taxonomic group, and includes species in several families of non-mosquito Nematoceran laikipiatourism.com are found (seasonally or otherwise) on practically every land area outside Class: Insecta.
Sorghum Midge: Stenodiplosis sorghicola (Coquillett) Description and Biology: The sorghum midge probably is the most widely distributed of all sorghum insect pests and one of the most damaging to sorghum in the southern United States.
It occurs in almost all regions of the world where the crop is grown, except Southeast Asia. Page 3 THE BIOLOGY AND CONTROL OF THE SORGHUM MIDGE 3 Many other brief articles regarding this insect were published at about the same time, and as it was recognized that this loss of seed should be investigated, F.
Webster, entomologist in charge of the investigations of cereal and forage insects for the Bureau of Entomology of the United. Pest and disease manual. Although the authors have used their best efforts to ensure that the contents of this book are correct at the time of Sorghum midge has been recorded in almost all.
Johnsongrass and sorghum are the primary hosts, although they can develop on some other grasses. Larvae feed on the developing ovary of sorghum seeds, preventing normal development.
Adult stages can be monitored by slipping a plastic bag around the flowering sorghum panicle (seed head). Sorghum bicolor is one of the staple cereal crops of the world, ranking fourth in overall production after wheat, rice and maize and able to tolerate drought conditions and many different types of soil.
Wherever it is grown, the maturing grain is damaged by the larvae of Contarinia sorghicola (Coq.) too close to harvest for any appreciable compensation by the plant to occur, and this midge is a Cited by: Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially: any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S.
bicolor synonym S. vulgare). How to use sorghum in a sentence. THE SORGHUM MIDGE AND ITS CONTROL Most damage by the sorghum midge occurs in sorghum that blooms 3 to 4 weeks later than other fields in a particular community.
In the Corpus Christi area that time is usually the first or second week of June. In other words it is time to start checking sorghum on a daily basis for the presence of midge.Sorghum midge is a small, gnat-like insect that is reddish-orange and about 1/inch long.
Female sorghum midges lay eggs only during the bloom stage. Eggs are laid in the spikelets between the glumes of a floret. The larvae feed on the developing seeds, causing them to dry up and die.Sorghum is recognized to be the most important farm crop behind corn, soybeans and wheat in the U.S. It features higher resistance against dry weather and high temperatures than soybeans, wheat, corn and other crops.
In the ’s, hybrid sorghums were developed for .